The US citizens and non-residents of Canada can benefit largely from the various immigration programs for moving into Canada. The close political and economic relationship between Canada and USA indeed helps in favouring US citizens for a visit, work or study in Canada. So, instead of moving from Canada to US, many are choosing to look for options in Canada.
With a valid US passport, any individual can visit Canada. But the candidate can spend a maximum period of 6 months. Furthermore, applicants need to apply for a visitor visa or Electronic Travel Authorization (mandatory for air travel).
International students in Canada can certainly work while studying in Canada. There is no need to apply for a work permit. It is because students can spend 20 hours a week during the academic season and full-time during breaks. As a matter of fact, one can even apply for Post Graduate Work Permit for extended stay and work experience.
Individuals looking to work in Canada can even apply for various types of work permits like
North American Free Trade Agreement NAFTA Work Permits: The North American Free Trade Agreement is an economic agreement that facilitates trade between Canada, the US, and Mexico. There is no requirement for an LMIA report. Only a selected category of temporary workers is allowed for this permit. Through this permit, even American companies can transfer their American employees easily to their Canadian branches.
Employer Specific Work Permit: Candidates with a valid job offer from a specific employer can avail of this work permit. A positive LMIA report is required. The candidate needs an Employer Specific Work Permit for people who are looking to switch jobs in Canada.
Spousal Open Work Permit: Candidates with a spouse or common-law partner working as a temporary foreign worker or an international student is eligible for the Spousal Open Work Permit. It is not an employer-specific permit and a new work permit is also not required when changing jobs. Moreover, candidates who are undergoing the inland sponsorship process will also be eligible for this work permit.
For US citizens, Canada offers several immigration procedures like
Challenges for immigrating to Canada
Immigration USA from Canada is simplified along with the process of immigrating to Canada from the US. However, there are certain existing challenges. Meeting the admissibility requirements is mandatory to have both temporary residency and permanent residency status. However, medical, financial, criminal or any other admissibility issues can restrict the immigration process.