Federal Skilled Trades Program
Canadian Experience Class
Federal Skilled Worker Program
What is Express Entry?
Express Entry is an electronic process that deals with details relating to immigrating to Canada.
You should be careful in understanding that the Express Entry System itself is not an immigration program. It simply facilitates the selection process of the economic immigration programs offered by Canada:
- Federal Skilled Worker Class (previously known as the Federal Skilled Worker Program)
- Federal Skilled Trades Class (previously known as the Federal Skilled Trades Program)
- Canadian Experience Class, and
- Parts of the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP)
An “Expression of Interest (EoI)” is made by the international individual looking forward to immigrating to Canada. If they are eligible to be inducted through one of the above-mentioned programs, they enter the Express Entry pool. The federal government, the provincial governments, and Canadian employers look into the pool to select applicants who receive an Invitation to Apply (ITA). The Express Entry system ensures that immigration into Canada is determined by a demand-driven system instead of a first-come, first-serve (supply-driven) basis. They will judge the immigrants on their skills to see who is most likely to succeed in the new country.
Why did they name it Express Entry?
Since when has Express Entry been in operation?
What are the immigration programs of Express Entry?
- Federal Skilled Worker Class
- Federal Skilled Trades Class
- Canadian Experience Class
- Parts of the Provincial Nominee Programs (PNP)
Different provinces, as well as, territories throughout Canada, can select applicants from the Express Entry pool. This is for meeting the labor needs of the local markets as part of the PNPs.
What is an Express Entry Profile?
What is an Express Entry Pool?
What happens under the circumstances of falsification of relevant information about an individual going into the pool?
If an applicant is unsure about their assessment, they may seek advice from an immigration lawyer before they start preparing to enter the Express Entry pool.
What is the cap on the number of individuals who can apply for Express Entry?
What is CRS?
- Skillset and work experience
- Educational qualifications
- English or French language proficiency
- Educational qualifications and language proficiency of an applicant’s spouse (if available)
- job offers from Canadian employers
- Nomination from a provincial government for permanent residence
The CRS score is based on a total of 1200 points wherein each category contributes the following points:
- Nomination: 600
- Senior managerial jobs backed by LMIA: 200
- Other listed jobs backed by LMIA: 50
- Post-secondary, Master’s, or Doctoral education in Canada: 30
- One or Two-year Post-secondary Canadian Education: 15
- Other skills, educational qualifications, or work experience: 500
- Transferable or a combination of skills: 100
- Siblings in Canada: 15
How to increase your CRS score?
- Keeping a broad perspective: Instead of focusing on one factor such as the educational qualifications, an applicant should try to cover all their aspects and credentials to boost their score.
- Getting a Nomination: A provincial nomination is worth 600 points and having one can seriously boost the CSR score of an applicant.
- Getting a Job Offer from a Canadian Employer: This works similar to the provincial nomination and is worth 200 points. If an applicant already has a job offer from a Canadian employer, then they are likely to score much higher than the remaining applicants.
- Boosting Education: An applicant with higher educational qualifications is likely to score higher than another candidate with lesser qualifications. If the higher education is from an institute in Canada, then it will further add to the CSR score of that applicant.
- Applying with your spouse.
- Higher Work Experience: Non-Canadian work experience is not worth as much as experience in Canada. However, when combined with other criteria such as language proficiency, it falls under combination factors which is worth 100 points. Experience of working within Canada will earn an applicant bonus points.
- Improving language skills: Proficiency in English and French languages can earn a candidate an additional 100 points over the 260 points from combination factors.
Canada Job Bank and its significant role in Express Entry
If an applicant is already working in Canada with a valid LMIA work permit, they need not reapply. In case, the applicant applies for a job, the employer will proceed with the required assessment procedure. Besides, if the applicant meets the employer’s demands for the role, they can send them an offer letter for the job. The applicant may then attach this letter to their Express Entry profile which would add to their CSR score.
Can an individual change or update information after applying for Express Entry?
What is an "Invitation to Apply"?
How does the CSR score matter concerning the Invitation to Apply?
Is it entirely an electronic process?
Does the government charge for an Express Entry profile?
Are there specific time slots when invitations are held?
What are the eligible occupations for any selected program under the Express Entry System?
How do the provinces and territories use this system?
Provinces and territories must set their criteria to conduct nominations. Depending upon the province or territory, a candidate may either be nominated first followed by completing an online Express Entry Profile, or enter the pool and be nominated afterward. Provinces and territories hold the right to make nominations based on their regular PNPs held outside the Express Entry system.
Can an individual use PNP (Provincial Nominee Program) and Express Entry simultaneously?
Is having a job offer mandatory to immigrate under the Express Entry System?
However, Canadian employers have direct involvement with the immigration process under the Express Entry system. This implies that an applicant has a chance of increasing their CSR score. But they must have a valid job offer from a Canadian employer thus elevating their chances of getting an ITA. Applicants can advertise themselves to potential employers through the Express Entry pool by registering on Canada Job Bank.
Once an applicant receives an Invitation to Apply, how long do they have to apply?
Once an applicant has received an ITA, he or she has 60 days to submit a complete electronic application with attached documents. It must prove the authenticity of their claims and credentials on their application.
What are the supporting documents needed for a successful application?
Is an ECA (Educational Credential Assessment) necessary for an applicant?
Is a language test necessary for successful application?
Do candidates know about their total points in the CSR and their rank?
How long is an Express Entry profile available in the pool?
What are the limits that Canada upholds while accepting immigrants for specific occupations?
Is it possible for a candidate to directly apply to a province under a PNP?
Only a part of the PNPs is under the Express Entry system. The Canada Visa immigration assessment form will assess the eligibility of an applicant. This is for checking the eligibility for immigration over a range of programs including the available PNPs.
How long is the process likely to take from the time an applicant receives an Invitation to Apply?
What if an applicant wishes to remain in the pool but does not receive an Invitation to Apply?
What are the conditions for bringing family members into Canada?
The spouse, in this case, has to pass a language proficiency test and undergo background checks.
Any children of the individual under the age of 19 at the time of application also get a permanent resident visa automatically.
Is going for Express Entry the only way to opt for when an international individual wants to settle and work in Canada?
- Most PNPs will process outside the Express Entry program.
- Some candidates may arrive in Canada as temporary foreign workers. They would, however, require LMIA to work in Canada.
- In case a country has set up some kind of international exchange program with Canada, a candidate, mostly under the age of 35 or 30 can receive a temporary open work visa in Canada.
- Candidates could come to Canada to study in many of the renowned colleges and universities. Once they have completed their studies, a Province might facilitate the option to apply for permanent residence under a PNP for the graduate. The candidate may also apply for a Post-Graduation Work Permit after completing their studies and finally apply for a permanent residence later on.
Are applicants wishing to live and work in Quebec allowed immigration entry through the Express Entry system?
What is the status of Bridging Open Works Permits (BOWPs) under the Express Entry System?
How to deal with a situation when an applicant's birthday lies between the date of receiving an Invitation to Apply and their final application?
Is the hiring of an Immigration Representative required for Express Entry?