Immigrate With the Express
Entry System
What Is The Express Entry?
The Canada Express Entry Program is the fastest and most efficient route to gain permanent residence in Canada. It allows skilled individuals who meet the required eligibility requirements to immigrate to Canada with ease. Candidates can find three different programs under the Canada immigration express entry category. These are the Federal Skilled Worker Program, Federal Skilled Trades Program and Canadian Experience Class. A candidate can choose any of these programs to immigrate to Canada and settle there as a permanent resident.
Express Entry is based upon three viral Canadian Immigration Programs:

Federal Skilled Trades Program


Canadian Experience Class


Federal Skilled Worker Program

Some of the Provincial Nominee Programs also encompass the express entry feature. If any provincial authority nominates you, then you will be able to include the approval on the express entry application.
How can you apply for Canada Immigration Express Entry?
If you match the Canada express entry eligibility requirements for express entry, then you will need to create a profile. You can also talk to Onboard Immigration’s expert Canada Immigration Lawyers for assistance. The applicant needs to start by creating the profile. Now, you will have 90 days to complete the profile. Besides, you need to upload all the necessary documents. The profile must contain all your personal information and skills. This will add to your score in the Comprehensive Ranking System or CRS. The higher the score, the better are your chances of migrating to Canada.
IRCC will determine your eligibility for Express Entry based on your profile data. It will match you to the specific requirements set by IRCC. Once the applicant qualifies, he/she will gain acceptance into the pool. In the pool, the candidate will get a ranking in accordance with the CRS score. After that, all you need to do is to wait in the pool till you get an ITA or invitation to apply for permanent residency in Canada. The Canada PR express entry format is simpler than you can expect. However, the time frame is pretty uncertain. If there is any mistake in the form, it can delay the process.
Mon Project Quebec: Frequently Asked Questions:
What is Express Entry?

Express Entry is an electronic process that deals with details relating to immigrating to Canada.

You should be careful in understanding that the Express Entry System itself is not an immigration program. It simply facilitates the selection process of the economic immigration programs offered by Canada:

  • Federal Skilled Worker Class (previously known as the Federal Skilled Worker Program)
  • Federal Skilled Trades Class (previously known as the Federal Skilled Trades Program)
  • Canadian Experience Class, and
  • Parts of the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP)


An “Expression of Interest (EoI)” is made by the international individual looking forward to immigrating to Canada. If they are eligible to be inducted through one of the above-mentioned programs, they enter the Express Entry pool. The federal government, the provincial governments, and Canadian employers look into the pool to select applicants who receive an Invitation to Apply (ITA). The Express Entry system ensures that immigration into Canada is determined by a demand-driven system instead of a first-come, first-serve (supply-driven) basis. They will judge the immigrants on their skills to see who is most likely to succeed in the new country.

Why did they name it Express Entry?
The IRCC (Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada), previously known as the CIC, tries to process the applications within 6 months of a successful application. This fast-paced deliverance has earned the name Express Entry.
Since when has Express Entry been in operation?
The Express Entry system has operated since 1st January 2015.
What are the immigration programs of Express Entry?
There are 4 particular economic immigration programs in Canada to which the Express Entry system is applicable. They are:

  • Federal Skilled Worker Class
  • Federal Skilled Trades Class
  • Canadian Experience Class
  • Parts of the Provincial Nominee Programs (PNP)

Different provinces, as well as, territories throughout Canada, can select applicants from the Express Entry pool. This is for meeting the labor needs of the local markets as part of the PNPs.

What is an Express Entry Profile?
To make a successful application into the Express Entry pool, an applicant has to list their qualifications, skills, work experience, language proficiency, and other such required personal information- kind of like a CV. This is the Express Entry profile. It is basically a self-declared assessment of the applicant’s abilities. They can make an expression of interest (EOI) to immigrate to Canada through this.
What is an Express Entry Pool?
Once the candidate successfully submits an EOI, it is checked whether the candidate is eligible to be granted immigration against the four programs of the Express Entry system. If they are eligible, they are eligible for the Express Entry pool. The pool is like a database. From this, the federal government, the provincial governments, or a Canadian employer can select a candidate based on their requirements.
What happens under the circumstances of falsification of relevant information about an individual going into the pool?
It will be misinterpretation if any information in their Express Entry profile is false. There are penalties for such misinterpretation depending upon the severity of falsification. Falsification of personal information could lead to the banning of a potential candidate from the Express Entry pool for up to 5 years.

If an applicant is unsure about their assessment, they may seek advice from an immigration lawyer before they start preparing to enter the Express Entry pool.

What is the cap on the number of individuals who can apply for Express Entry?
There are no caps as to the number of individuals who can immigrate to Canada when choosing Express Entry.
What is CRS?
The CRS or the Comprehensive Ranking System is a means to assess the capabilities of an applicant and allot them scores to rank them y their capabilities. This federal government operates it and the following factors will assess their abilities:

  • Skillset and work experience
  • Educational qualifications
  • English or French language proficiency
  • Educational qualifications and language proficiency of an applicant’s spouse (if available)
  • job offers from Canadian employers
  • Nomination from a provincial government for permanent residence

The CRS score is based on a total of 1200 points wherein each category contributes the following points:

  • Nomination: 600
  • Senior managerial jobs backed by LMIA: 200
  • Other listed jobs backed by LMIA: 50
  • Post-secondary, Master’s, or Doctoral education in Canada: 30
  • One or Two-year Post-secondary Canadian Education: 15
  • Other skills, educational qualifications, or work experience: 500
  • Transferable or a combination of skills: 100
  • Siblings in Canada: 15
How to increase your CRS score?
  • Keeping a broad perspective: Instead of focusing on one factor such as the educational qualifications, an applicant should try to cover all their aspects and credentials to boost their score.
  • Getting a Nomination: A provincial nomination is worth 600 points and having one can seriously boost the CSR score of an applicant.
  • Getting a Job Offer from a Canadian Employer: This works similar to the provincial nomination and is worth 200 points. If an applicant already has a job offer from a Canadian employer, then they are likely to score much higher than the remaining applicants.
  • Boosting Education: An applicant with higher educational qualifications is likely to score higher than another candidate with lesser qualifications. If the higher education is from an institute in Canada, then it will further add to the CSR score of that applicant.
  • Applying with your spouse.
  • Higher Work Experience: Non-Canadian work experience is not worth as much as experience in Canada. However, when combined with other criteria such as language proficiency, it falls under combination factors which is worth 100 points. Experience of working within Canada will earn an applicant bonus points.
  • Improving language skills: Proficiency in English and French languages can earn a candidate an additional 100 points over the 260 points from combination factors.
Canada Job Bank and its significant role in Express Entry
The Canada Job Bank is an online portal that lists various open jobs available across the country. Its main objective is to match candidates with jobs based on their credentials. When going for Express Entry, an applicant might register to the Job bank. This is applicable if they already do not hold a job or nomination. The registration to the Job Bank is entirely voluntary as of 6th June 2017.

If an applicant is already working in Canada with a valid LMIA work permit, they need not reapply. In case, the applicant applies for a job, the employer will proceed with the required assessment procedure. Besides, if the applicant meets the employer’s demands for the role, they can send them an offer letter for the job. The applicant may then attach this letter to their Express Entry profile which would add to their CSR score.

Can an individual change or update information after applying for Express Entry?
Applicants must continually update their profiles. It must showcase any change in their educational qualifications, language proficiency, work experience, or family composition.
What is an "Invitation to Apply"?
The Invitation to Apply (ITA) is offered to an applicant in the Express Entry Pool by the IRCC. It means that the candidate meets the requirements set by the IRCC during that particular draw. This must include the minimum cut-off CSR score for that draw.
How does the CSR score matter concerning the Invitation to Apply?
If an applicant has a higher CSR score, then they have a better probability of getting an ITA.
Is it entirely an electronic process?
Does the government charge for an Express Entry profile?
Are there specific time slots when invitations are held?
A certain number of applicants are chosen from the pool to give them ITA for a Canadian permanent residence fairly regularly. However, the applicants do not get any information beforehand about the draw.
What are the eligible occupations for any selected program under the Express Entry System?
There are no lists for eligible occupations under any of the programs listed under the Express Entry system. Previously occupations were listed under the various programs but that practice is abandoned. However, any applicant, to be eligible, has to have experience in a job coded by the National Occupation Classification (NOC) as 0, A, or B.
How do the provinces and territories use this system?
All provinces and territories in Canada except Quebec and Nunavut are using Express Entry. Provinces and territories can nominate several applicants through the Express Entry system. This is done to fulfill the demands of the local and provincial labor markets. Such a nomination is worth 600 points under the CSR. The applicants have to meet all the requirements for any one of the four criteria under the federal economic immigration programs for entry into the Express Entry pool.

Provinces and territories must set their criteria to conduct nominations. Depending upon the province or territory, a candidate may either be nominated first followed by completing an online Express Entry Profile, or enter the pool and be nominated afterward. Provinces and territories hold the right to make nominations based on their regular PNPs held outside the Express Entry system.

Can an individual use PNP (Provincial Nominee Program) and Express Entry simultaneously?
Yes, holding a provincial nomination earns an applicant an added 600 points to their CSR score. Thus, elevating their chances of getting an ITA for a Canadian permanent residence.
Is having a job offer mandatory to immigrate under the Express Entry System?

However, Canadian employers have direct involvement with the immigration process under the Express Entry system. This implies that an applicant has a chance of increasing their CSR score. But they must have a valid job offer from a Canadian employer thus elevating their chances of getting an ITA. Applicants can advertise themselves to potential employers through the Express Entry pool by registering on Canada Job Bank.

Once an applicant receives an Invitation to Apply, how long do they have to apply?

Once an applicant has received an ITA, he or she has 60 days to submit a complete electronic application with attached documents. It must prove the authenticity of their claims and credentials on their application.

What are the supporting documents needed for a successful application?
The applicant has to submit a range of documents with their completed application. They must be supporting all their claims and credentials once they receive an ITA. These documents could include those referring to civil statuses such as birth certificates, marriage certificates, language proficiency test results, work reference letters, security checks, Educational credentials assessments, and other documents.
Is an ECA (Educational Credential Assessment) necessary for an applicant?
If an international applicant has not done their post-secondary qualifications in Canada, he or she has to get an ECA. This is in regards to those applicants who wish to a part for draws related to the Federal Skilled Worker Class criteria under the Express Entry System. ECA is optional for entry through Federal Skilled Trades Class or Canadian Experience Class. However, it adds to the CSR score thus increasing the chances of getting an ITA.
Is a language test necessary for successful application?
Yes, clearing a language test such as TOEFL, IELTS, and CELPIP for English and TEF or TCF Canada for French is mandatory.
Do candidates know about their total points in the CSR and their rank?
Candidates will know about the total points they are holding. However, details regarding their rank within the pool are withheld from them.
How long is an Express Entry profile available in the pool?
The profile is online in the Express Entry pool for 12 months or until an ITA for permanent residence is issued, whichever comes earlier.
What are the limits that Canada upholds while accepting immigrants for specific occupations?
There are no such limits at play at this moment. However, such quotas for a specific skill set or particular occupation may come into play at a later time.
Is it possible for a candidate to directly apply to a province under a PNP?

Only a part of the PNPs is under the Express Entry system. The Canada Visa immigration assessment form will assess the eligibility of an applicant. This is for checking the eligibility for immigration over a range of programs including the available PNPs.

How long is the process likely to take from the time an applicant receives an Invitation to Apply?
The IRCC tries to complete the entire application process within 6 months from the day they have received the completed application. It will process after the applicant receive their ITA.
What if an applicant wishes to remain in the pool but does not receive an Invitation to Apply?
If an applicant did not receive an ITA within 12 months from the date of application into the Express Entry pool, their profile will be terminated. In case, they wish to remain in the pool, they have to create a new Express Entry profile. Besides, if they are still eligible, they will automatically re-enter into the pool.
What are the conditions for bringing family members into Canada?
The successful applicant can bring his or her spouse and any dependent children to Canada.

The spouse, in this case, has to pass a language proficiency test and undergo background checks.

Any children of the individual under the age of 19 at the time of application also get a permanent resident visa automatically.

Is going for Express Entry the only way to opt for when an international individual wants to settle and work in Canada?
No. there are other methods for permanent or temporary residence in Canada.

  • Most PNPs will process outside the Express Entry program.
  • Some candidates may arrive in Canada as temporary foreign workers. They would, however, require LMIA to work in Canada.
  • In case a country has set up some kind of international exchange program with Canada, a candidate, mostly under the age of 35 or 30 can receive a temporary open work visa in Canada.
  • Candidates could come to Canada to study in many of the renowned colleges and universities. Once they have completed their studies, a Province might facilitate the option to apply for permanent residence under a PNP for the graduate. The candidate may also apply for a Post-Graduation Work Permit after completing their studies and finally apply for a permanent residence later on.
Are applicants wishing to live and work in Quebec allowed immigration entry through the Express Entry system?
If an applicant is going to work for a company in Quebec or outside of Quebec, he or she can enter through the Express Entry system. However, if a candidate is to live and work in Quebec, they cannot apply for the Express Entry system.
What is the status of Bridging Open Works Permits (BOWPs) under the Express Entry System?
BOWPs are available under the Express Entry system.
How to deal with a situation when an applicant's birthday lies between the date of receiving an Invitation to Apply and their final application?
In most cases, an applicant’s age will be locked and bolted once they have received their Invitation to Apply (ITA).
Is the hiring of an Immigration Representative required for Express Entry?
No, it is not mandatory to hire an immigration representative to take part in Express Entry. However, a candidate might hire an authorized immigration representative to advise them through the entire process according to the IRCC.
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